PMP Certification Flash Cards

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Also, try our Preparation Quiz for the PMP Certification Exam

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[h] PMP Certification Flashcards

[i] Here’s how these quizzes work:

  1. Click ‘Check answer’ to see the answer to each card.
  2. If you don’t know it as well as you’d like to, click ‘Need more practice,’ and that card will go to the bottom of the stack so you can practice it again.
  3. If you know it, click ‘Got it. Got It advances you to next card.’
  4. ‘Shuffle’ lets you shuffle the deck.

[start]

[q] “What are the three components of the SCOPE BASELINE?”

[a] Scope Statement, Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) and WBS Dictionary.

[q] “What is the difference between EFFECTIVE and EFFICIENT communication?”

[a] Effective Communication provides information in the right format, at the right time, to the right audience, and with the right impact. Efficient Communication provides only the information needed.

[q] “Are the “Specification Requirements”  part of the PROJECT SCOPE or the PRODUCT SCOPE?”

[a] The Product Scope since they define (the “WHAT”) the product. The project scope provides the means and processes (the “HOW”) to create the product.

[q] “A category or rank used to distinguish items that have the same functional use but do not share the same requirements for quality is the definition of:”

[a] Grade.

[q] “The degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfills requirements is the definition of:”

[a] Quality.

[q] “A measure of a team’s productivity rate at which the deliverables are produced, validated, and accepted within a predefined interval is the definition of:”

[a] Velocity.

[q] “The three-point estimating approach for calculating duration, cost or risk probability and impact is also known by the following four-letter acronym:”

[a] PERT (Program Evaluation Review Technique.)

[q] “The numbering system used to uniquely identify each component of the work breakdown structure (WBS) is called the:”

[a] Code of accounts.

[q] “A technique for estimating the duration or cost of an activity or a project using historical data from a similar activity or project is known as:”

[a] Analogous Estimating.

[q] “A factor in the planning process that is considered to be true, real, or certain, without proof or demonstration is known as a/an:”

[a] Assumption.

[q] “A critical path method technique for calculating the late start and late finish dates by working backward through the schedule model from the project end date is called a:”

[a] Backward Pass.

[q] “The approved version of a work product that can be changed only through formal change control procedures and is used as a basis for comparison is called a/an:”

[a] Baseline.

[q] “A method of estimating project duration or cost by aggregating the estimates of the lower-level components of the work breakdown structure (WBS) is known as:”

[a] Bottom-up Estimating.

[q] “A comprehensive list of changes made during the project, which typically includes dates of the change and impacts in terms or time, cost, and risk is known as a/an:”

[a] Change Log.

[q] “A formal proposal to modify any document, deliverable, or baseline is known as a/an:”

[a] Change Request.

[q] “An organizational placement strategy where the project team members are physically located close to one another in order to improve communication, working relationships, and productivity is known as:”

[a] Colocation.

[q] “What are the three COMMUNICATION METHODS identified in the PMBOK?”

[a] Interactive, Pull and Push Communication.

[q] “An intentional activity that realigns the performance of the project work with the project management plan is known as a/an:”

[a] Corrective Action.

[q] “The measure of cost efficiency of budgeted resources expressed as the ratio of earned value (EV) to actual cost (AC) is known as:”

[a] Cost Performance Index (CPI) > CPI = EV/AC.

[q] “The category of contract that involves payments to the seller for all legitimate actual costs incurred for completed work, plus an award fee representing seller profit is known as:”

[a] Cost Plus Award Fee Contracts (CPAF).

[q] ”The type of cost-reimbursable contract where the buyer reimburses the seller for the seller’s allowable costs (allowable costs are defined by the contract) plus a fixed amount of profit (fee) is known as:”

[a] Cost Plus Fixed Fee Contract (CPFF).

[q] ”The type of cost-reimbursable contract where the buyer reimburses the seller for the seller’s allowable costs (allowable costs are defined by the contract), and the seller earns its profit if it meets defined performance criteria:”

[a] Cost Plus Incentive Fee Contract (CPIF).

[q] ” The amount of budget deficit or surplus at a given point in time, expressed as the difference between the earned value (EV) and the actual cost (AC) is known as:”

[a] Cost Variance (CV) > CV = EV – AC.

[q] ”The technique used to shorten the schedule duration for the least incremental cost by adding resources is known as:”

[a] Crashing.

[q] ”A scheduling method that allows the project team to place buffers on any project schedule path to account for limited resources and project uncertainties:”

[a] Critical Chain Method.

[q] ”The method used to estimate the minimum project duration and determine the  amount of scheduling flexibility on the logical network paths within the schedule model is known as:”

[a] The Critical Path Method.

[q] ”The technique used for dividing and subdividing the project scope and project deliverables into smaller, more manageable parts is known as:”

[a] Decomposition.

[q] ”An activity used to modify a nonconforming product or product component is known as:”

[a] Defect Repair.

[q] ”The information gathering technique used as a way to reach a consensus (unanimity) of experts on a subject where the experts participate anonymously is known as:”

[a] The Delphi Technique.

[q] ”The four decision-making techniques identified in the PMBOK are:”

[a] Dictatorship (one person makes the decision,) Majority (more than 50%,) Plurality (the largest block, if a majority cannot be reached) and Unanimity (100% consensus.)

[q] ”The measure of work performed (progress made) expressed in terms of the budget authorized for that work is known as:”

[a] Earned Value (EV.)

[q] ”The capability to identify, assess, and manage the personal emotions of oneself and other people, as well as the collective emotions of groups of people, is known as:”

[a] Emotional Intelligence (EQ.)

[q] ”The conditions, not under the immediate control of the team, that influence, constrain, or direct the project, program or portfolio are known as:”

[a] Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEF.)

[q] ”An alternative set of actions and tasks available in the event that the primary plan needs to be abandoned because of issues, risks, or other causes is known as a/an:”

[a] Fallback Plan.

[q] ”The schedule compression technique in which activities or phases normally done in sequence are performed in parallel for at least a portion of their duration is known as:”

[a] Fast Tracking.

[q] ”The type of contract where the buyer pays the seller a set amount (as defined by the contract,) and the seller can earn an additional amount if the seller meets defined performance is known as:”

[a] Fixed Price Incentive Fee Contract (FPIF.)

[q] ”A fixed-price contract with a special provision allowing for predefined fee adjustments to the contract due to changed conditions, such as inflation changes, currency fluctuations, or cost increases and decreases for specific commodities is known as a/an:”

[a] Fixed Price with Economic Price Adjustment Contract (FP-EPA.)

[q] ”The critical path method technique for calculating the early start and early finish dates by working forward through the schedule model from the project start date or a given point in time is known as:”

[a] Forward Pass.

[q] ”A hierarchical organization where each employee has one clear superior, and staff are grouped by areas of specialization and managed by a person with expertise in that area is known as:”

[a] Functional Organization.

[q] ”A category or rank used to distinguish items that have the same functional use, but do not share the same quality requirements is known as:”

[a] Grade.

[q] ”The codified expectations regarding acceptable behavior by project team members are known as:”

[a] Ground Rules.

[q] ” The technique used to consolidate ideas created through individual brainstorming sessions into a single map to reflect commonality and differences in understanding and to generate new ideas is known as:”

[a] Idea/Mind Mapping.

[q] ”The amount of time whereby a successor activity is required to be delayed with respect to a predecessor activity is known as:”

[a] Lag

[q] ”The amount of time whereby a successor activity can be advanced with respect to a predecessor activity is known as:”

[a] Lead.

[q] ”The decisions made regarding the external purchase or internal manufacture of a product are known as:”

[a] Make-or-Buy Decisions.

[q] ”The amount of the project budget withheld for management control purposes, which are 1) reserved for unforeseen work that is within scope of the project, and 2) is not included in the performance measurement baseline (PMB) is known as:”

[a]Management Reserve.

[q] ”The process which generates large numbers of probable performance outcomes based on probability distributions for cost and schedule on individual tasks; and which are then used to generate a probability distribution for the project as a whole is known as:”

[a] Monte Carlo Simulation.

[q] ”The estimating technique in which an algorithm is used to calculate cost or duration based on historical data and project parameters is known as:”

[a] Parametric Estimating.

[q] ” The review at the end of a phase in which a decision is made to continue to the next phase, to continue with modification, or to end a project or program.:”

[a] Phase Gate.

[q] ”The authorized budget assigned to scheduled work is known as:”

[a] Planned Value (PV.)

[q] ”Projects, programs, sub-portfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives are known as a/an:”

[a] Portfolio.

[q] ”The measure of exactness within the quality management system is known as:”

[a] Grade.

[q] ”A form of project life cycle in which the project scope, and the time and cost required to deliver that scope, are determined as early in the life cycle as possible is known as:”

[a] Predictive Life Cycle.

[q] ”An intentional activity that ensures the future performance of the project work is aligned with the project management plan is known as:”

[a] Preventive Action.

[q] ”The series of phases that represent the evolution of a product, from concept through delivery, growth, maturity, and to retirement, is known as:”

[a] Product Life Cycle.

[q] ”The features and functions that characterize a product, service, or result is known as:”

[a] Product Scope.

[q] ”A group of related projects, subprograms, and program activities managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually is known as a/an:”

[a] Program.

[q] ”The iterative process of increasing the level of detail in a project management plan as greater amounts of information and more accurate estimates become available is known as:”

[a] Progressive Elaboration.

[q] ”A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result is known as a/n:”

[a] Project.

[q] ”A calendar that identifies working days and shifts that are available for scheduled activities is known as a/an:”

[a] Project Calendar.

[q] ”The series of phases that a project passes through from its initiation to its closure is known as a/an:”

[a] Project Life Cycle.

[q] ”The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements.:”

[a] Project Management.

[q] ”An organizational structure that standardizes the project-related governance processes and facilitates the sharing of resources, methodologies, tools, and techniques is known as a/an:”

[a] Project Management Office (PMO.)

[q] ”The document that describes how the project will be executed, monitored and controlled, and closed is known as a/an:”

[a] Project Management Plan.

[q] ”The work performed to deliver a product, service, or result with the specified features and functions is known as a:”

[a] Project Scope.

[q] ”The description of the project scope, major deliverables, assumptions, and constraints is known as a/an:”

[a] Project Scope Statement.

[q] ”Any organizational structure in which the project manager has full authority to assign priorities, apply resources, and direct the work of persons assigned to the project is known as a/an:”

[a] Projectized Organization.

[q] ”The degree in which a set of inherent characteristics fulfills requirements is known as:”

[a] Quality.

[q] ”The description of a project or product attribute (specification) and how to measure it is known as:”

[a] Quality Metrics.

[q] ”A common type of responsibility assignment matrix (RAM) that uses responsible, accountable, consult, and inform statuses to define the involvement of stakeholders in project activities is known as a/an:”

[a] RACI (Responsible, accountable consult and inform) Matrix.

[q] ”A risk that remains after risk responses have been implemented is known as a/an:”

[a] Residual Risk.

[q] ”A calendar that identifies the working days and shifts on which each specific resource is available is known as a/an:”

[a] Resource Calendar.

[q] ”A technique in which start and finish dates are adjusted based on resource constraints with the goal of balancing demand for resources with the available supply is known as:”

[a] Resource Leveling.

[q] ”A technique which adjusts the activities of a schedule model such that the requirement for resources on the project do not exceed certain predefined resource limits is known as:”

[a] Resource Smoothing.

[q] ”An uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative effect on one or more project objectives is known as a/an:”

[a] Risk.

[q] ”The four (4) types of risk response strategies used when dealing with threats to the project (or organization) are known as:”

[a] Acceptance, Avoidance, Mitigation and Transfer.

[q] ”The four (4) types of risk response strategies used when dealing with opportunities for the project (or organization) are known as:”

[a] Acceptance, Enhance, Exploit and Share.

[q] ”The iterative planning technique in which the work to be accomplished in the near term is planned in detail, while the work in the future is planned at a higher level is known as:”

[a] Rolling Wave Planning.

[q] ”The measure of schedule efficiency expressed as the ratio of earned value to planned value is known as:”

[a] Schedule Performance Index (SPI) > SPI = EV/PV.

[q] ”A measure of schedule performance expressed as the difference between the earned value and the planned value is known as:”

[a] Schedule Variance (SV.)

[q] ”The uncontrolled expansion to product or project scope without adjustments to time, cost, and resources is known as:”

[a] Scope Creep.

[q] ” A risk that arises as a direct result of implementing a risk response is known as a/an:”

[a] Secondary Risk.

[q] ”A person or group who provides resources and support for the project, program, or portfolio and is accountable for enabling success is known as a/an:”

[a] Sponsor.

[q] ”The component of the human resource management plan that describes when and how project team members will be acquired and how long they will be needed is known as a/an:”

[a] Staffing Management Plan.

[q] ”An individual, group or organization who may affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision, activity, or outcome of a project is known as a/an:”

[a] Stakeholder.

[q] ”What are the four (4) logical relationships between predecessor and successor activities?”

[a] Finish-to-Start (FS); Finish-to-Finish (FF); Start-to-Finish (SF); and Start-to-Start (SS.)

[q] ”A narrative description of products, services, or results to be delivered by the project is known as a/an:”

[a] Statement of Work (SOW.)

[q] ”The analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of an organization, project, or option is known as a/an:”

[a] SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) Analysis.

[q] ”The amount of time that a schedule activity can be delayed or extended from its early start date without delaying the project finish date or violating a schedule constraint is known as:”

[a] Total Float.

[q] ”The amount of time that a schedule activity can be delayed without delaying the early start date of any successor or violating a schedule constraint.:”

[a] Free Float.

[q] ”A document that provides detailed deliverable, activity, and scheduling information about each component in the work breakdown structure.:”

[a] Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Dictionary.

[q] ”The type of organizational structure that reflects a blend of functional and projectized characteristics, and which are classified as weak, balanced, or strong depending on the relative level of power and influence between functional and project managers, is known as:”

[a] Matrix.

[q] ”What is the two-fold purpose of developing the Project Management Plan?:”

[a] Provide guidance to the project team, and 2) Inform the stakeholders of the intentions of the project manager in executing the project.

[q] ”The portion of the budget within the cost baseline or performance measurement baseline that is allocated for identified risks is known as:”

[a] Contingency Reserve.

[q] ”What are the two (2) subcategories associated with the Cost of Quality (COQ?)”

[a] Cost of Conformance and Cost of Nonconformance.

[q] ”What are the two (2) subcategories associated with the Cost of Conformance?”

[a] Prevention Costs and Appraisal Costs.

[q] ” What are the two (2) subcategories associated with the Cost of Nonconformance?”

[a] Internal Failure Costs and External Failure Costs.

[q] ”What are examples of Prevention Costs?”

[a] Training, Document processes, Equipment and the Time-to-do-it-right.

[q] ”What are examples of Appraisal Costs?”

[a] Testing, Destructive testing loss, and Inspections.

[q] ”What are examples of Internal Failure Costs?”

[a] Rework and Scrap.

[q] ”What are examples of External Failure Costs?”

[a] Liabilities, Warranty work, and Lost business.

[q] ” A hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables is known as the:”

[a] Work Breakdown Structure (WBS.)

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PMP Certification Flash Cards

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